The Visual-Auditory-Kinesthetic (VAK) learning styles model provides a simple way to explain and understand learning styles. The VAK learning Style uses the three main sensory receivers (Vision, Auditory, and Kinesthetic) to determine a person’s dominate or preferred learning style.

No-one has exclusively one single style or preference. Learners use all three methods to receive information.  However, one or more of these receiving styles is normally dominant.  This preferred style defines the best way for a person to learn new information by determining what is to be learned.

This style may not always to be the same for some tasks.  According to the VAK model, most people possess a dominant or preferred learning style. However, some people have a mixed and evenly balanced blend of the three styles.   Additionally, a learner may prefer one style of learning for one task, and a combination of others for another task.



VAK Learning Styles 

Visual seeing and reading
Auditory listening and speaking 
Kinesthetic touching and doing  


VAK Image

Visual learning style involves the use of seen or observed things, including pictures, diagrams, demonstrations, displays, handouts, films, flip-chart, etc.

Auditory learning style involves the transfer of information through listening: to the spoken word, of self or others, of sounds and noises.

Kinesthetic learning involves physical experience – touching, feeling, holding, doing, practical hands-on experiences.




AUDITORY – (learn by listening)

  • Learn from spoken instruction
  • Written information has little meaning until it has been heard
  • Write lightly and it is not always legible
  • Talk while they write
  • Remember names and forget faces
  • Distracted by noise
  • Remember by listening, especially with music
  • May be good speakers, and specialize in law or politics



VISUAL – (learn by seeing and writing)

  • Relate most effectively to written information, notes, diagrams, and pictures.
  • Can be verbal (sees words) or pictorial (sees pictures)
  • Remembers faces but not names
  • Think in pictures, uses color
  • Facial expression show their emotions
  • May be good writers, journalists, graphic design



KINESTHETIC- (Learn by doing)

  • Learn through touch and movement in space
  • Remember what was done, not seen or talked about
  • Gets physically involved
  • Enjoy playing games



Additional Learning Styles


4MAT Learning Style Model

Gregorc mind styles model

Kolb Learning Style Model

VAK Learning Preference

Honey Mumford Learning Style

Felder-Silverman Learning Style

Herrmann’s Brain Dominance HBDI

Left-brain and Right-brain Preferences

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI


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