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New Year’s Resolution Strategies

    New Year’s Resolution Strategies   According to the University of Scranton: Journal of Clinical Psychology (Research Date: 1/1/2014), only eight (8%) percent of people are successful in achieving

Performance Management System

  Performance Management System – Best Practices for Successfully Measuring Results   In every organization, a performance management system is critical to the success and effectiveness of the business.  While

Dealing with Poor Performance

 Lack of Ability, or Low Motivation?   Article from MindTools.com   For every hundred men hacking away at the branches of a diseased tree, only one will stoop to inspect

Leadership is developed from within….

Leadership is developed from within; from within our hearts and our minds   Leaders are not born, they are developed.  They are developed from within their own hearts and minds. 


Leadership is a very complex process that involves communication, planning, decision making, motivation, as well as several other key elements.  It is a capacity to influences others to accomplish a

Learning Pyramid

PPC header 2 above

The Learning Pyramid


There are various methods a learner can engage in which will allow them to learn information at various percentages of retention. The Learning Pyramid, researched and created by the National training Laboratories in Betel, Maine, illustrates the percentage of learner recall that is associated with various approaches.  The first four levels (lecture, reading, audio visual and demonstration) are passive learning methods.  In contrast, the bottom three levels (discussion group, practice by doing and teach others are participatory (active) learning methods.  The Learning Pyramid clearly illustrates that active participation in the learning process results in a higher retention of learning.



Learning Pyramid


5%:  Lecture

10%: Reading

20%: Audio-Visual

30%: Demonstration

50%: Discussion

75%: Practice Doing

90%: Teaching Others


Based on the research, the least effective method would be a lecture.  Long term retention rates of a typical lecture, where an individual merely stands in front of people and talks is considered to be around 5%.  However, if people get actively involved and collaborate with others his or her retention rate dramatically increases.  The difference in retention between passive and active (participatory) methods may be due to the extent of reflection and deep cognitive processing.




The Learning Pyramid demonstrates that the best methods for learning retention are at the Base of the Pyramid.

Therefore, it is best to design lessons and activities with this information in mind to ensure the learners are actively engaged in the learning process.  This is achieved through discussion groups, practice activities, collaboration and teaching others.


Principles of learning

Maslow pyramid



Learning preferences



Chunking strategy



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