Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model
People take in and process information in different ways based on their individual preferences. Richard Felder and Linda Silverman developed a model to depict different learning styles and preferences.
Felder and Silverman developed their learning style model for two reasons:
Although the study was focused on engineering students, the model can be helpful to understand the various learning styles.
The Felder-Silverman Model denotes four areas of personality that contribute to learning. The model creates four dimensions of learning styles. These dimensions can be viewed as a continuum with one learning preference on the far left and the other on the far right. They are active or reflective, sensing or intuitive, visual or verbal, inductive-deductive, and sequential or global. A combination of these styles makes up the individuals learning preferences.
NOTE: The original model had another dimension; the inductive/deductive dimension. This dimension was later dropped in 2002 by Dr. Felder.
This model classifies individuals along the following dimensions:
Sensing-Intuitive continuum determines how you prefer to perceive or take in information.
Visual-Verbal continuum determines how you prefer information to be presented.
Active-Reflective continuum determines how you prefer to process information.
Sequential-Global continuum determines how you prefer to organize and progress toward understanding information.
|Type of Learner||Preferences|
|sensing||Prefers concrete thinking, practical, concerned with facts and procedures|
|intuitive||Prefers conceptual thinking, innovative, concerned with theories and meanings|
|visual||prefers visual representations, pictures, diagrams, and flow charts|
|verbal||prefers written and spoken explanations|
|active||Prefers to try things out, working with others in groups|
|reflective||Prefers thinking things through, working alone or with familiar partner|
|sequential||Prefers linear thinking, orderly, learns in small incremental steps|
|global||Prefers holistic thinking, systems thinkers, learns in large leaps|