Bloom’s Action Verbs

Bloom’s Action Verbs

 

Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification system developed by educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom to categorize cognitive skills and learning behavior.

Bloom’s Taxonomy classifies thinking according to six cognitive levels of complexity: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The categories are ordered from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract. Each level becomes more challenging as you move higher.

 

Level Bloom’s Definition
Knowledge Remember previously learned information
Comprehension Demonstrate an understanding of the facts
Application Apply knowledge to a new situation
Analysis Break down information into simpler parts and find evidence to support generalizations
Synthesis Compile information in a different way or propose alternative solutions
Evaluation Make and defend judgments about the value of ideas

 

 

Bloom’s Action Verbs

Bloom created a list of verbs associated with each level of thinking. The following chart provides action verbs for each level of Bloom’s Taxonomy.

The verbs used in learning objectives or learning outcomes should correspond to the level of thought at which the learners are expected to perform or function. This lists helps you recognize the levels of thought and to help you write learning objectives that address the various levels of skill your learner should attain. By creating learning objectives using these verbs, you indicate explicitly what the learner must do in order to demonstrate learning.

 

 

Knowledge

Arrange

Define

Delineate

Describe

Distinguish

Identify

Indicate

Group

List

Label

Locate

Match

Memorize

Name

Outline

Order
Quote

Recall

Recite

Repeat

Record

Recognize

Specify

Select

State

Underline

Write

 

 

 

Comprehension

Calculate

Conclude

Convert

Choose

Characterize

Classify

Complete

Discuss

Describe

Depict

Determine

Differentiate

Draw

Explain

Express

Establish

Illustrate

Interpret

Identify

Infer

Locate

Outline

Paraphrase

Represent

Report

Review

Recognize

Restate

Summarize

Select

Sort

Tell

Translate

 

 

 

Application

Apply

Calculate

Change

Collect

Compute

Conduct

Construct

Demonstrate

Develop

Dramatize

Draw

Employ

Exhibit

Experiment

Generalize

Illustrate

Implement

Interpret

Initiate

Make

Manipulate

Operate

Organize

Perform

Practice

Prescribe

Prepare

Produce

Relate

Restructure

Schedule

Shop

Solve

Show

Sketch

Teach

Translate

Use

Utilize

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis

Analyze

Appraise

Arrange

Calculate

Categorize

Classify

Compare

Conclude

Contrast

Correlate

Critique

Deduce

Debate

Detect

Determine

Develop

Diagram

Diagnose

Differentiate

Discover

Dissect

Distinguish

Draw

Estimate

Evaluate

Examine

Experiment

Explore

Group

Identify

Infer

Inquire

Inspect

Inventory

Investigate

Order

Organize

Predict

Question

Probe

Relate

Research

Scrutinize

Separate

Sequence

Solve

Survey

Test

 

 

 

 

Synthesis

Arrange

Appraise

Assess

Assemble

Collect

Combine

Compile

Compose

Construct

Create

Consolidate

Choose

Compare

Critique

Derive

Design

Develop

Devise

Estimate

Evaluate

Formulate

Forecast

Generalize

Generate

Hypothesize

Improve

Infer

Invent

Judge

Manage

Measure

Merge

Modify

Organize

Originate

Imagine

Plan

Predict

Prepare

Pretend

Produce

Propose

Rate

Reorganize

Revise

Show

Select

Set up

Synthesize

Validate

Value

Test

Theorize

Write

 

 

 

Evaluation

Appraise

Argue

Arrange

Assemble

Assess

Choose

Collect

Compose

Construct

Create

Compare

Conclude

Critique

Criticize

Debate

Decide

Deduce

Defend

Determine

Discriminate

Design

Develop

Devise

Envision

Estimate

Evaluate

Examine

Formulate

Grade

Inspect

Infer

Judge

Justify

Manage

Measure

Modify

Organize

Plan

Predict

Prioritize

Probe

Prepare

Produce

Propose

Rank

Rate

Review

Reconstruct

Recommend

Referee

Reject

Revise

Score

Select

Support

Set-up

Synthesize

Systematize

Validate

Value

 

 

 

 

References:

Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. Handbook 1; Cognitive Domain.

Overbaugh, R. & Schultz, L. “Bloom’s Taxonomy.”

 

 

 

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